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Recount Text : Biography of Steve Job

Written By Demi Yurfina on Jumat, 06 Februari 2015 | 07.40




Steven Paul Jobs was born on 24 February 1955 in San Francisco, California, to Abdulfattah Jandali and Joanne who gave him up for adoption. He was taken in by Paul and Clara Jobs, and grew up with them in Mountain View, California.
He attended Homestead High School in Cupertino California and went to Reed College in Portland Oregon in 1972 but dropped out after only one semester, staying on to "drop in" on courses that interested him.
He took a job with video game manufacturer Atari to raise enough money for a trip to India and returned from there a Buddhist.
Back in Cupertino he returned to Atari where his old friend Steve Wozniak was still working. Wozniak was building his own computer and in 1976 Jobs pre-sold 50 of the as-yet unmade computers to a local store and managed to buy the components on credit solely on the strength of the order, enabling them to build the Apple I without any funding at all.
The Apple II followed in 1977 and the company Apple Computer was formed shortly afterwards. By the time production of the Apple II ended in 1993 it had sold over 6 million units.
In 1985 Jobs was fired from Apple and immediately founded another computer company, NeXT.
In the meantime, in 1986, Jobs bought The Computer Graphics Group from Lucasfilm. The group was responsible for making high-end computer graphics hardware but under its new name, Pixar, it began to produce innovative computer animations. Their first title under the Pixar name, Luxo Jr. (1986) won critical and popular acclaim and in 1991 Pixar signed an agreement with Disney, with whom it already had a relationship, to produce a series of feature films, beginning with Toy Story (1995).
In 1996 Apple bought NeXT and Jobs returned to Apple, becoming its CEO. In 2003, Jobs was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and underwent surgery in 2004. Despite the success of this operation he became increasingly ill and received a liver transplant in 2009. He returned to work after a six month break but eventually resigned his position in August 2011 after another period of medical leave which began in January 2011. He died on 5 October 2011.



Indikator            : Menentukan informasi tertentu
Indikator soal     : Disajikan teks recount, siswa dapat menentukan informasi
yang ditentukan.

Soal:
1.      Apple II was built in…
A.      1976.
B.       1977.
C.       1993.
D.      1995.

Kunci jawaban  : B
Pembahasan       :
Dusebutkan di dalam bacaan bahwa “The Apple II followed in 1977 and the company Apple Computer was formed shortly afterwards.”
Indikator            : Menentukan informasi tersirat
Indikator soal     : Disajikan teks recount, siswa dapat menentukan informasi
tersirat yang terkandung dalam teks.

Soal:
2.      Steve Jobs resigned from his position because…
A.      Apple fired him.
B.       he signed an agreement with Disney.
C.       he won critical and popular acclaim.
D.      his health condition became worse.

Kunci jawaban  : D
Pembahasan       :
Steve Jobs akhirnya mengundurkan diri karena kondisi kesehatannya yang memburuk.

Indikator            : Menentukan informasi rinci
Indikator soal     : Disajikan teks recount, siswa dapat menentukan informasi rinci yang ditentukan.
Soal:
3.      What did Steve do when he was fired from Apple?
A.      Returning to Atari
B.       Founding NeXT
C.       Signing an agreement with Disney
D.      Producing a series of feature films

Kunci jawaban  : B
Pembahasan       :
Setelah diberhentikan dari Apple, steve Jobs mendirikan NeXT.

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